Using "To Want"/"To Need" with other verbs

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We had seen independent use of "To Want". We can use “want” along with other verb to indicate desire for some activity.
e.t. I want to watch this movie.
She wanted to eat burger.
She need to visit doctor. 

We have seen that in Marathi we have same sentence formation for "To Need" and "To Want". So below I have mentioned only about "To Want". But it is exactly applicable for sentences with "To Need".

In Marathi sentence formation is :- 




Form of subject with preposition "To"                    
object        
Main verb + form of आयचा (AyachA)

form of  “असणे”(asaNe) as per object and tense
मला
आंबा
खायचा होता




The form of आयचा (AyachA) is created based on Gender and multiplicity of object; similar to what we have seen in Adjectives.




I will summarize it as follows :-



Singular
Plural
Masculine
आयचा ( AyachA )
आयचे (Ayache)
Feminine
आयची (AyachI)
आयच्या (AyachyA)
Neuter
आयचे (Ayache)
आयची (AyachI)



Examples :- 

1) Masculine

e.g. Mango -> आंबा (AMbA)

Singular

I want to eat mango :- मला आंबा खायचा आहे  (malA AMbA khAyachA Ahe)

            Plural

I want to eat magoes :- मला आंबे

खायचे आहेत (malA AMbe khAyache Ahet)



2) Feminine
e.g. Bag -> पेटी (peTI) ; open -> उघड (ughaD)

Singular
He wanted to open bag :- त्याला पेटी उघडायची होती (tyAlA peTI ughaDaayachI hotI)
            Plural
He wanted to open bags :- त्याला पेट्या उघडायच्या होत्या  (tyAlA peTyA ughaDaayachyA hotyA)

3) Neuter
e.g. Song -> गाणे (gANe)
            Singular
She will want to sing song :- तीला गाणे गायचे असेल (tIlA gANe gAyache asel)
             Plural
She will want to sing songs :- तीला गाणी गायची असतील ( tIlA gANI gAyachI asatIl)


For अकर्मक verb ( i.e. the verb that does not require noun) form will always be be आयचे (Ayache)
e.g.

I wanted to go -> मला जायचे होते (malA jAyache hote )
I will want to run -> मला धावायचे असेल ( malA dhAvAyache asel )



Negative sentences :-
In English we say; 
She does not want to eat.
He will not want to do this.

In Marathi Negative sentence formation is similar to positive sentence seen above, only we will use negative structure of"To Be" as per object and tense.

We have seen these forms in very beginning of the course
For Present tense refer “Present Continuous Tense” section of  

For Past tense refer “Past Continuous Tense” section of  
For future tense refer “Future continuous Tense” section of


Form of subject with preposition "To"              
object        
Main verb + form of आयचा (AyachA)

Negative form of  असणे”(asaNe) as per object and tense
मला (malA)
आंबा (AMbA)
खायचा (khAyachA) नव्हता (navhatA)

e.g.
1) Masculine
e.g. Mango -> आंबा (AMbA)

Singular
I do not want to eat mango :- मला आंबा खायचा नाही आहे ( malA AMbA khAyachA nAhI Ahe           

      Plural
I do not want to eat magoes :- मला आंबे खायचे नाही आहेत (malA AMbe khAyache nAhI Ahet)



2) Feminine

e.g. Bag -> पेटी (peTI) ; open -> उघड (ughaD)



Singular

He did not want to open bag :- त्याला पेटी उघडायची नव्ह्ती

 (tyAlA peTI ughaDaayachI navhtI)

            Plural

He did not want to open bags :- त्याला पेट्या उघडायच्या नव्ह्त्या 

 (tyAlA peTyA ughaDaayachyA navhtyA )



3) Neuter

e.g. Song -> गाणे (gANe)

            Singular

She will not want to sing song :- तीला गाणे गायचे नसेल
 (tIlA gANe gAyache nasel)
She will not want to sing songs :- तीला गाणी गायची नसतील 
 ( tIlA gANI gAyachI nasatIl )

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvDJ1sZrWVE



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A sincere learner of this blog Mr. Chris has rightly pointed out in his comment on this topic that in all above sentences the object is non-living thing like mango, box, song etc. ?
How should we construct the sentences when object is a person or living thing ?
I provided the answer in comment. And I think this description is worth integrating with this lesson itself. So here is answer :-

I will categorize it in in three different cases
1) You are talking about third person(only for proper nouns and not pronouns). Then verb will be formed as per gender of that person; as discussed in above lesson.
e.g.
Kaushik wants to see Peter -> कौशिकला पीटर बघायचा आहे.(kaushikalA pITar baghAyachA Ahe.)
Kaushik wants to see Mery -> कौशिकला मेरी बघायची आहे.(kaushikalA merI baghAyachI Ahe)

2) Way 1 is grammatically correct but not a natural way. When talking about "persons"; we use "Preposition To" i.e. ला(lA) with the proper noun/ pronoun form. And verb is always formed with neuter-singular gender. 

Kaushik wants to see Peter -> कौशिकला पीटरला बघायचे आहे.(kaushikalA pITar baghAyache Ahe.)
Kaushik wants to see Mery -> कौशिकला मेरीला बघायचे आहे.(kaushikalA merI baghAyache Ahe)
Kaushik wants to see him -> कौशिकला त्याला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tyAlA baghAyache Ahe.)
Kaushik wants to see them -> कौशिकला त्यांना बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tyAMnA baghAyache Ahe.)

So even for both genders & plurals we used बघायचे(baghAyache) which is neuter-singular form.

3) For first and second person; it is always as in case 2
Kaushik wants to see you -> कौशिकला तुला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tulA baghAyache Ahe.)
Kaushik wants to see me-> कौशिकला मला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA malA baghAyache Ahe.)


Other funny examples :-
I want eat you -> मला तुला खायचे आहे(malA tulA khAyache Ahe)
He did not want to open her -> त्याला तीला उघडायचे नव्हते (tyAlA tIlA ughaDaayache navhate )



Listen this part of lesson at
https://youtu.be/cxfolHEZEcA



Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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2 comments:

  1. Hi Kaushik,


    Thank you for the explanations above, but I believe they all pertain to "things" as the objective nouns vs. "people", so I was wondering what the correct way would be to apply the verbs to people, such as substituting --

    I want to eat "you", (कारण मी कॅणबल आहे...? lol)
    -vs-
    I want to eat "mango"

    My best three guesses would be as follows:
    "malA tuzhaM khAychaM"
    "malA tujhyAvar khAychaM"
    "malA khAychaM tulA" (just trying to create distance between malA and tulA)
    However, I highly doubt any of these are correct :(

    In this example, it might make more sense to say "your body" instead of "you", but that would defeat the purpose of learning how a "person" can be expressed as the object.


    Similarly, how would one substitute "tyAlA peTI ughaDaayachI navhtI"
    ...for some expression like (सर्जरी मधून) त्याला "her" उघडायचं नव्ह्तं ??


    Thanks Much,
    क्रिस्टॉफ़ यङ :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Interesting question.
      I will categorize it in in three different cases

      1) You are talking about third person(only for proper nouns and not pronouns). Then verb will be formed as per gender of that person; as discussed in above lesson.
      e.g.
      Kaushik wants to see Peter -> कौशिकला पीटर बघायचा आहे.(kaushikalA pITar baghAyachA Ahe.)
      Kaushik wants to see Mery -> कौशिकला मेरी बघायची आहे.(kaushikalA merI baghAyachI Ahe)

      2) Way 1 is grammatically correct but not a natural way. When talking about "persons"; we use "Preposition To" i.e. ला(lA) with the proper noun/ pronoun form. And verb is always formed with neuter-singular gender.

      Kaushik wants to see Peter -> कौशिकला पीटरला बघायचे आहे.(kaushikalA pITar baghAyache Ahe.)
      Kaushik wants to see Mery -> कौशिकला मेरीला बघायचे आहे.(kaushikalA merI baghAyache Ahe)
      Kaushik wants to see him -> कौशिकला त्याला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tyAlA baghAyache Ahe.)
      Kaushik wants to see them -> कौशिकला त्यांना बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tyAMnA baghAyache Ahe.)

      So even for both genders & plurals we used बघायचे(baghAyache) which is neuter-singular form.

      3) For first and second person; it is always as in case 2
      Kaushik wants to see you -> कौशिकला तुला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA tulA baghAyache Ahe.)
      Kaushik wants to see me-> कौशिकला मला बघायचे आहे. (kaushikalA malA baghAyache Ahe.)

      ----
      Apart from Active and passive voice; this is third voice in Marathi which is called भावे प्रयोग(bhAve prayog); where verb changes neither as per Subject nor as per object. It is generally neuter singular.

      I thought of explaining it in some lesson; but them felt that it will be too grammatical. It will be understood better by such ad-hoc examples. Thanks for this question;
      ----
      So answer to sentences
      I want eat you -> मला तुला खायचे आहे(malA tulA khAyache Ahe)
      He did not want to open her -> त्याला तीला उघडायचे नव्हते (tyAlA tIlA ughaDaayache navhate )

      I hope it answers. Please feel free to ask again if needed.

      Delete