आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई (A-I-e-e-yA-I) rule

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आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई  (A-I-e-e-yA-I) Rule :- 
The title of this article looks strange. But as you will read it you will see that it is not strange rather you have already learnt it.

Recall the article about adjectives. There we had said that if masculine-singular form of adjective ends with आ(A) then there will be different forms of adjective depending on gender and multiplicity. E,g, काळा/ काळी /काळे etc.

Similarly in article about “To want” we saw that different forms of हवा ( havA) are used depending on on gender and multiplicity of object. E.g हवा / हवी / हवे  etc.

I think by now you must have found out that these forms follow specific pattern. I call it “आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई  rule”
i.e if masculine-singular form ends with (A) and words has different form as per gender-multiplicity then ending will be
masculine singular       आ (A)
feminine singular         ई (I)
neuter singular            ए (e)
masculine plural            (e)         
feminine plural            या (yA)                               
neuter  plural              ई  (I)

When you will observe below table you will understand it clearly and will also realize that in many articles wherever we had mentioned such forms, they were actually following this rule. So you do not need to learn them by heart. You can create different form of words your self



                             Singular
                       Plural

Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
English word
(A)
(I)
(e)
(e)
या(yA)
(I)
my
माझा mAjhA
माझी 
mAjhI
माझे
mAjhe
माझे
mAjhe
माझ्या
mAjhyA
माझी 
mAjhI 
speaking
 बोलणारा
bolaNArA
बोलणारी
bolaNArI
बोलणारे
bolaNAre
बोलणारे
bolaNAre
बोलणार्‍या
bolaNAr^yA
बोलणारी
bolaNArI
want
हवा
havA
हवी
havI
हवे
have
हवे
have
हव्या
havyA
हवी
havI
grey
करडा
karaDA
करडी
karaDI
करडे
karaDe
करडे
karaDe
करड्या
karaDyA
करडी
karaDI


Note :- 
1)  When applying this rule ending with consonant स(s), we use श(sh) instead of स(s) for :-
feminine singular 
feminine plural 
neuter plural

So forms for कसा (kasA) are :-
कसा-कशी-कसे-कसे-कश्या-कशी (kasA-kashI-kase-kase-kashyA-kashI)

2) As you know letters च(ch), ज(j), झ(jh) have two pronunciation in Marathi.
One is lighter and other is heavier.
When applying this rule to words ending with consonant च(ch), ज(j), झ(jh), heavier sound is used for :-
feminine singular 
feminine plural 
neuter plural 

My ->
माझा-माझी-माझे-माझे-माझ्या-माझी
(mAjhA-mAjhI-mAjhe-mAjhe-mAjhyA-mAjhI)

Your ->
तुझा-तुझी-तुझे-तुझे-तुझ्या-तुझी
(tujhA-tujhI-tujhe-tujhe-tujhyA-tujhI)

His ->
त्याचा-त्याची-त्याचे-त्याचे-त्याच्या-त्याची
(tyAchA-tyAchI-tyAche-tyAche-tyAchyA-tyAchI)

Ram's -> 
रामचा-रामची-रामचे-रामचे-रामच्या-रामची
(rAmachA-rAmachI-rAmache-rAmache-rAmachyA-rAmachI)

Which :- 
जो-जी-जे-जे-ज्या-जी(jo-jI-je-je-jyA-jI)

Fresh :- 
ताजा-ताजी-ताजे-ताजे-ताज्या-ताजी (tAjA-tAjI-tAje-tAje-tAjyA-tAjI)

Listen this lesson online at 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIzd_1go8Jc




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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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8 comments:

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