Active Passive voice in Marathi - Style2

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In previous lesson we learned how to say sentences in passive voice in Marathi
( Refer :- http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/05/active-passive-voice-in-marathi.html )

There is another way to say sentences in passive voice using verb येणे (yeNe)
Sentence structure is almost similar to previous style with minor changes.

We do not use simple past tense form of main verb. Instead we use 
verb + ण्यात(NyAt)
We use form of verb येणे (yeNe) instead of जाणे (jANe). This form is created same as we have seen in last lesson 

sentence structure is :- 


form of कर्ता(kartA) with preposition कडून(kaDUn) 
कर्म (karm) i.e. noun
verb + ण्यात(NyAt)
Form of verb येणे (yeNe) as per given tense and gender , multiplicity ofकर्म (karm) i.e. noun 
माझ्याकडून (mAjhyAkaDUn)
आंबा (AMbA)
खाण्यात (khANyAt)
येतो (yeto)

Below are the examples. Sequence is as follows active voice sentence, passive voice sentence in previous style, passive voice sentence in style of this lesson.
I have first given example in previous style and then 1) He plays cricket -> तो क्रिकेट खेळतो ( to krikeT kheLato )
Cricket is played by him -> 

त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळले जाते ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLale jAte  )
त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळण्यात येते ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLaNyAt yete  )

( Note :- क्रिकेट( krikeT ) is neuter-singular word in Marathi.  ) 

2) He will play cricket -> तो क्रिकेट खेळेल( to krikeT kheLel)
Cricket will be played by him -> 

त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळले जाईल ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLale jAIl  )
त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळण्यात येईल ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLaNyAt yeIl  )

3) He will be playing cricket -> तो क्रिकेट खेळत असेल ( to krikeT kheLat asel )
Cricket will be being played by him -> 

त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळले जात असेल ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLale jAt asel )
त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळण्यात येत असेल ( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLaNyAt yet asel )

4) He played cricket ->  
Note such sentence is by default in passive voice in Marathi 
But by literally following above rule passive 
Cricket was played by him -> 
त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळले गेले( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLale gele )
त्याच्याकडून क्रिकेट खेळण्यात आले( tyAchyAkaDUn krikeT kheLaNyAt Ale )

Ram rides bicycle -> राम सायकल चालवतो  (rAm sAyakal chAlavato )
Cycle is ridden by Ram ->

रामकडून सायकल चालवली जाते ( rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavalI jAte )
रामकडून सायकल चालवण्यात येते ( rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavaNyAt yete )

Ram will ride cycle -> राम सायकल चालवेल (rAm sAyakal chAlavel)

Cycle will be ridden by Ram ->
रामकडून सायकल चालवली जाईल ( rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavalI jAIl )
रामकडून सायकल चालवण्यात येईल ( rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavaNyAt yeIl )

Ram will be riding cycle ->राम सायकल चालवत असेल  (rAm sAyakal chAlavat asel )
Cycle will be being ridden by Ram ->
रामकडून सायकल चालवली जात असेल  (rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavalI jAt asel )
रामकडून सायकल चालवण्यात येत असेल (rAmakaDUn sAyakal chAlavaNyAt yet asel


We have also learned भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog ) in previous lesson. Such sentences can also be formed by using concepts of this style. 



form of कर्ता(kartA) with preposition कडून(kaDUn) 
form of कर्म (karm) i.e. noun with preposition ला(lA)  
verb + ण्यात(NyAt)
Form of verb येणे (yeNe) as per given tense and third person neuter singular
माझ्याकडून (mAjhyAkaDUn)
आंब्याला (AMbyAlA)
खाण्यात(khANyAt)
येते (yete)



Examples.

I eat mango ->  मी आंबा खातो ( mI AMbA khAto ) 
भावे प्रयोग bhAve prayog ) form :-
माझ्याकडून आंब्याला खाण्यात येते ( mAjhyAkaDUn AMbyAlA khANyAt yete)

Ram rides bicycle -> राम सायकल चालवतो  (rAm sAyakal chAlavato )
भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog ) form :- 
रामकडून सायकलला चालवण्यात 
येते (rAmakaDUn sAyakalalA chAlavaNyAt yete)

Ram will ride cycle -> राम सायकल चालवेल (rAm sAyakal chAlavel)
भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog ) form :- 
रामकडून सायकलला 
चालवण्यात येईल  (rAmakaDUn sAyakalalA chAlavaNyAt yeIl )

Ram will be riding cycle ->राम सायकल चालवत असेल  (rAm sAyakal chAlavat asel )
भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog ) form :- 
रामकडून सायकलला 
चालवण्यात येत असेल  (rAmakaDUn sAyakalalA chAlavaNyAt yet asel )

Adding preposition to verb in passive voice
We have already seen grammar for adding preposition to verb.
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/prepositions-with-verbs.html
Same rules will apply to verb 
ये (ye) in कर्मणी प्रयोग ( karmaNI prayog ) and
भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog). The form of main verb is created as per above rules. 
e.g. 
In active voice "while giving" -> देताना ( detAnA  ) 
In other two voices i.e. "while being given" -> 
देण्यात येताना (deNyAt yetAnA )

In active voice "for opening" -> उघडण्यासाठी ( ughaDaNyAsAThI )
In other two voices i.e. "for being opened" -> उघडण्यात येण्यासाठी (ughaDaNyAt yeNyAsAThI )


In active voice "after killing" -> मारल्यानंतर (mAralyAnaMtar )
In other two voices i.e. "after being killed" ->मारण्यात आल्यानंतर ( mAraNyAt AlyAnaMtar )


Listen this lesson online at
https://youtu.be/riCJRZusiIY




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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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