Conjunctions in Marathi Part-4 As Soon as, Once,Rather Than, Instead of,So that,Whereas,Whether or not,also

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17) As soon as :-  __ल्या __ल्या (_lyA __lyA)
The suffix ल्या is appended to past tense form of verb and it is said twice.
As soon as he came  -> तो आल्या आल्या (to AlyA AlyA) ...
As soon as she saw  -> तीने बघितल्या बघितल्या (tIne baghitalyA baghitalyA )
As soon as they become -> ते झाल्या झाल्या (te jhAlyA jhAlyA)

18) Once :- की (kI)
In English we say "Let me know once he comes". Marathi sentence uses past tense form. So literal translation may sound like "He came then tell me"
तो आला की मला सांग ( to AlA kI malA sAMg )

Once I see your story I will give you review -> "I saw your story then I will give you review " ->मी तुझी गोष्ट बघितली की अभिप्राय देईन (mI tujhI goShT baghitalI kI abhiprAy deIn )

19) Rather than, Instead of :- 
When using with noun ->__च्या ऐवजी (chyA aivajI ) 
When using with verb -> ण्या ऐवजी (NyA aivajI )

Rather than surrendering a soldier will accept death->  शरण जाण्याऐवजी सैनिक मरण स्वीकारेल (sharaN jANyAaivajI sainik maraN svIkArel)

I will take tea rather than coffee -> मी चहाच्या ऐवजी कॉफी घेईन (mI chahAchyA aivajI coffee gheIn )

20) so that :- जेणेकरून  ( jeNekarUn )
I will work hard so that I will win -> मी परिश्रम करीन जेणेकरून मी यशस्वी होईन (mI parishram karIn jeNekarUn mI yashasvI hoIn )

We should avoid plastic so that there will be less pollution -> आपण प्लास्टिक टाळले पाहिजे जेणेकरून प्रदूषण कमी होईल  ( ApaN plAsTik TALale pAhije jeNekarUn pradUShaN kamI hoIl )

21) Whereas :- उलट (ulaTa), उलटपक्षी (ulaTapakShI ), प्रत्यक्षात ( pratyakShAt)
He cheated me whereas I was helping him :- त्याने मला फसवले उलट/ उलटपक्षी मी त्याला मदत करत होतो  ( tyAne malA phasavale ulaT/ ulaTapakShI mI tyAlA madat karat hoto )

Government told prices declined where as inflation rose :- सरकारने सांगितले की भाव कमी झाले आहेत उलट/ उलटपक्षी/प्रत्यक्षात महागाई वाढली ( sarakArane sAMgitale kI bhAv kamI jhAle Ahet ulaT/ ulaTapakShI/pratyakShAt mahAgAI vADhalI)

22) Whether :- का (kA )
Whether ____ or not:- का नाही  (kA nAhI )

I did not know whether he is going -> तो जाणार आहे का मला माहित नाही (to jANAr Ahe kA malA mAhit nAhI )

She could not realize whether she should speak or not -> तीने बोलावे का नाही तीला कळले नाही (tIne bolAve kA nAhI tIlA kaLale nAhI )


23)Otherwise:- नाहीतर (nAhItar)
Do this otherwise you will not win :- हे  कर नाहीतर तू जिंकणार नाहीस (he kar nAhitar tU jiMkaNAr nAhIs  )
He should inform me it immediately otherwise I will not come to know :- त्याने मला लगेच कळवले पाहिजे नाहीतर मला कळणार नाही ( tyAne malA lagech kaLavale nAhItar malA kaLaNAr nAhI)

24) Also, as well  :- सुद्धा (suddhA), ही(hI)
I also ran :- मी सुद्धा धावलो ( mI suddhA dhAvalo) / मीही धावलो (mIhI dhAvalo)
He will come tomorrow as well:- तो उद्यासुद्धा / उद्याही  येईल ( to udyAsuddhA / udyAhI yeIl )


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_U7cE_WKsHI

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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