"To have" to indicate possession and relation

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To indicate possession of something we say "I have a car", "I have a bungalow" etc.
In Marathi such sentences are formed as follows :-
सामन्यरूप(sAmanyarUp) form of my/his/ ‘s etc.
जवळ(javaL)/
कडे(kaDe )
noun
form of “to be” i.e. असणे (asaNe) as per tense and
gender, multiplicity of noun
माझ्या (mAjhyA)
जवळ(javaL)/
कडे(kaDe )
गाडी (gADI)
आहे (Ahe)



I have a car -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी आहे (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe gADIAhe)
I have 10 cars -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे १० गाड्या आहेत (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe 10 gADyA Ahet)

I had a car -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी होती (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe hotI )
I had 10 cars -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे १० गाड्या होत्या(mAjhyA javaL/kaDe 10 gADyA  hotyA)
Anup will have watch -> अनुप जवळ/कडे घड्याळ असेल (anup javaL/kaDe ghaDyAL asel)

I do not have car ->  माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी नाही (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe nAhI)
I did not have car ->  माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी नव्हती (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe navhatI)

We also use "to have" to indicate relationships.
e.g. I have 2 brothers. I have 3 maternal uncles. etc.

In such sentences in Marathi we use preposition "To" i.e.ला(lA)
e.g.
I have 2 brothers -> मला दोन भाऊ आहेत (malA don bhAU Ahet )
He has three paternal uncles -> त्याला तीन काका आहेत (tyAlA tIn kAkA Ahet)
Ravi had 2 kids -> रवीला दोन मुले होती (ravIlA don mule hotI)
He does not have brother -> त्याला भाऊ नाही (tyAlA bhAU nAhI)
She did not have any relatives -> तिला कोणीही नातेवाईक नव्हते  (tilA koNIhI nAtevAIk navhate )

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dsn8v50TTW8



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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