Past /Present/Future Perfect Continuous tense in Marathi

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In English we use "perfect continuous" tense to indicate that some action has started in the past and has continued up until now.
e.g. "I have been studying Marathi for last 2 years", "She has been working here for past 1 month","He had been standing all day at work" etc.

Style 1) 
In Marathi there is no special tense to match this "has/had been". So while translating a 
"have been" statement -> translate it as if a "present continuous" tense. 
"had been"  statement - > translate as if "past continuous" tense. 
"will have been" statement -> translate as if "future continuous" tense.

i.e.
"He had been saying" can be said as "he was saying" -> तो बोलत होता ( to bolat hotA )
"He has been saying" can be said as "he is saying" -> तो बोलत आहे( to bolat Ahe )
"He will have been saying" can be said as "he will be saying" -> तो बोलत असेल ( to bolat asel )

Style 2) In this style verb येणे(yeNe) is used along with main verb to make it perfect continuous. 

The sentence structure for present perfect continuous is 


Subject of sentence 
verb+त(t)           
verb येणे(yeNe) as per present perfect tense
मी (mI)                           
बोलत(bolat )  
आलो आहे (Alo Ahe)


Simple hint is first translate "I have come" into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.


e.g. If we want to say "I have been saying".  Then first, translate "I have come" i.e. मी आलो आहे ( mI Alo Ahe ). Now main verb is "to say" i.e. बोल(bol) so we insert बोलत(bolat ) into sentnece to make it


मी बोलत आलो आहे  ( mI bolat Alo Ahe )

Further example wil make it clear


1) she has been doing
She has come" -> ती आली आहे ( tI AlI Ahe  )
She has been saying -> ती बोलत आली आहे ( tI bolat AlI Ahe  )

2) They have been dancing
They have come -> ते आले आहेत ( te Ale Ahet )
They have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले आहेत ( te nAchat Ale Ahet )

3) You have been eating mango 
You have come -> तुम्ही आला आहात ( tumhI  AlA AhAt )
You have been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला आहात ( tumhI AMbA khAt AlA AhAt )

4) I have been working there for past three years 
have come -> मी आलो आहे( mI Alo Ahe)
have been working -> मी काम करत आलो आहे( mI kAm karat Alo Ahe  )
have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो आहे ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo Ahe  ) 


Past Perfect Continuous
If you have understood above part then Past Perfect Continuous is very easy for you. 
As you can guess, only difference here is form of "येणे(yeNe)" is as per past perfect tense. 


Subject of sentence 
verb+त(t)           
verb येणे as per past perfect tense
मी (mI)                           
बोलत(bolat )  
आलो होतो  (Alo hoto)


Simple hint is first translate "I had come" into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.



1) she had been doing
She had come" -> ती आली होती( tI AlI hotI  )
She had been saying -> ती बोलत आली होती( tI bolat AlI hotI)

2) They had been dancing
They had come -> ते आले होते( te Ale hote )
They had been dancing -> ते नाचत आले होते( te nAchat Ale hote )

3) You had been eating mango 
You had come -> तुम्ही आला होतात ( tumhI  AlA hotAt)
You had been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला होतात  tumhI AMbA khAt AlA hotAt )

4) I had been working there for past three years 
I had come -> मी आलो होतो ( mI Alo hoto )
I had been working -> मी काम करत आलो होतो  ( mI kAm karat Alo hoto  )
I had been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो होतो ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo hoto  ) 

Future Perfect Continuous 
If you have understood above part then Future Perfect Continuous is very easy for you. 

As you can guess, only difference here is form of "येणे(yeNe)" is as per future perfect tense. 


Subject of sentence 
verb+त(t)           
verb येणे as per future perfect tense
मी (mI)                           
बोलत(bolat )  
आलो असेन (Alo asen)

Simple hint is first translate "I will have come" into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.


1) she will have been doing
She will have come" -> ती आली असेल ( tI AlI asel )
She will have been saying -> ती बोलत आली असेल ( tI bolat AlI asel)

2) They had been dancing
They will have come -> ते आले असतील( te Ale asatIl )
They will have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले असतील( te nAchat Ale asatIl )

3) You will have been eating mango 
You will have come -> तुम्ही आला असाल( tumhI  AlA asAl)
You will have been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला असाल  tumhI AMbA khAt AlA asAl)

4) I will have been working there for past three years 
will have come -> मी आलो असेन( mI Alo asen )
will have been working -> मी काम करत आलो असेन  ( mI kAm karat Alo asen )
will have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो असेन ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo asen 


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6PtSjelH-U




Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/ 

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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8 comments:

  1. thanks for the nice post. I have a question around usage of 'been' in different contexts.

    e.g. Aggression has always been my strength.

    in this case i think meaning of been in marathi is 'rahili', please correct me if i am wrong. It would be helpful if you list the meaning of 'been' in different contexts. Thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes.
      Aggression has always been my strength - आक्रमकपणा ही माझी शक्ती
      राहिली आहे.

      Generally "have been" kind of sentences are not translated as it is in Marathi. e.g.
      But generally for "have been" sentences with for adjectives we use simple tenses.
      e.g. "I have been happy for many years" will be translated as if "I am happy for many years". i.e. मी अनेक वर्षे आनंदी आहे.

      I am happy to see that you are studying Marathi in very detail. May I know your name please. Can you mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  2. Lelesir, Its really helpful

    I have question about future in the past tense
    Sir if you translate following sentences in exact Marathi
    then I will be thankful to you

    1) They would go
    2) They would be going
    3) They would have gone
    4) They would have been going

    thanks!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. There is no exact equivalent of "would" in Marathi.
      In English "would" is used to indicate different shades e.g. uncertainty (would he have gone ?), humbleness (would you like to have tea?) , conditional ( I you had said I would have done) etc.
      So sentence in Marathi would be similar to what you would have said without "would". "if-then" sentences are formed different way.
      Refer this lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/sentence-using-if-then.html

      Delete
    2. May I know your name please. Would you like to share more feedback through mail on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  3. yes!
    Kindly check your mail.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Replies
    1. Are you learning Marathi using my blog ? May I know your name please ?

      Delete