Requesting-someone-"May-I","Can-you" etc.

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In English we take permission by asking "May I come in" ,"May I use this" ?

In Marathi we ask such questions as this format :- 
subject ( मी/आम्ही )   verb+ऊ       का  ?

e.g. For verb "To come" i.e. "ये"(ye)   -> मी येऊ का ? (mI yeU kA) 
For verb "To go" i.e. "जा "(jA)   -> मी जाऊ का  ? ( mI jAU kA ) 
Examples :-
May I come ->  मी येऊ का ? (mI yeU kA) 
May I go ->  मी जाऊ का ? (mI jAU kA) 

May we come ->  आम्ही येऊ का ? (AmhI yeU kA) 
May we go ->  आम्ही जाऊ का ? (AmhI jAU kA) 
May we speak -> आम्ही बोलू का  ( AmhI bolU kA  ) 

In English we request others as "May you come" , "May you say". 
Same sentences can said as "Can you come", "Can you say".
In Marathi there is not separate form "May you", "May he" etc. So when using "May" with other than "I" or "We", sentences should be said as "Can you", "Can he" etc.
Refer this lesson to know more details using "Can" in Marathi :-
Using verb "Can/To be able to"

Examples :-
May you come -> Can you come -> तुम्ही येऊ शकता का ? ( tumhI yeU shakatA kA ? ) 
May you speak -> Can you speak -> तुम्ही बोलू शकता का ? ( tumhI bolU shakatA kA )
May he tell -> Can he tell -> तो सांगू शकतो का ? ( to sAMgU shakato kA ? )
Can I tell -> मी सांगू शकतो का ? ( mI sAMgU shakato kA ? ) 
Can I write -> मी लिहू शकतो का ? ( mI lihU shakato kA ? ) 

Sometimes Marathi people request this way as well "पेन देता का" ( "pen detA kA") ,"पत्ता सांगता का" ( "pattA sAMgatA kA" ). To translate it literally it is "Do you give pen", "Do you tell address". It might sound weird to English speaker. But this is the style used in Marathi. This style is used only for "you" - single as well as plural.

May you come -> Do you come -> येता का ( yetA kA  ) 
May you speak -> Can you speak -> बोलता का? ( bolatA kA? ) 
May you give pen -> Do you give pen -> "पेन देता का" ( "pen detA kA")

Sometimes such sentences are started with words like जरा(jarA), थोडं ( thoDaM) to sound it more poilte. 
e.g.

जरा पेन देता का ? ( jarA pen detA kA),
जरा पत्ता सांगता का ? ( jarA pattA sAMgatA kA ). 


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujsTtWLb2vs



Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/ 

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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4 comments:

  1. sir, what is the difference between
    mi yeu shakat nahi and mi yeu shaknaar nahi

    ReplyDelete
  2. Shakat nahi is present tense. Shaknar nahi is future tense.

    How is ur marathi study going on ? As i said in previous comment,I would like to know more about your experience of my blog and your Marathi learning. Can you please send me mail learnmarathifast@gmail.com

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  3. How do you say, he forced me to do something, like he forced me to steal, etc. And is there a Marathi equivalent of the Hindi phrase "मुझे यह करने पर मजबूर मत करो", tumhala adhich dhanyavad, mala tumcha he website var kelele karya khupach avadle, ashich puddhe karat rahaa!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello,
      Please refer below lessons for the sentence you are looking for.

      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/04/phrase-to-make-someone-do-learn-marathi.html
      OR
      http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/04/to-force-to-do-some-action-bulavaumga.html

      from Hindi-to-Marathi blog.

      Let me know if that answers your query.

      May I know your name please ? Like I ask every every learner; I would like to know more about your experience of my blog and your Marathi learning. Can you please send me mail learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete