Fractional numbers, sequence, percentage in Marathi

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

We have already seen numbers in Marathi in these two lessons 
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/numbers-in-marathi.html
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/numbers-in-marathi-part-2.html
Here we will see forms of verb like "first","second" etc. "single","double/both" etc.


Counting sequence
In Marathi we have special words for sequence from 1 to 4. From 5 on wards form of वा(vA) is appended to number.


First
पहिला ( pahilA)
Second
दुसरा ( dusarA)
Third
तिसरा ( tisarA)
Fourth
चौथा ( chauthA)
Fifth
पाचवा ( pAchavA)
Sixth
सहावा ( sahAvA)
Seventh
सातवा ( sAtavA)
Eighth
आठवा ( AThavA)

As these are adjectives, they will follow 
आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई (A-I-e-e-yA-I) ruleto create appropriate form as per gender and multiplicity.

e.g.
First boy -पहिला मुलगा ( pahilA mulagA)
First girl -> पहिली मुलगी ( pahilI mulagI)
First five girls -> पहिल्या पाच मुली ( pahilyA pAch mulI)


यांदा (yAMdA) is added to these words to indicate the sequence in time.
पहिला ( pahilA) + यांदा (yAMdA)  combined as   पहिल्यांदा (pahilyAMdA)  

Just sense how combined word is created
e.g. For first time -> पहिल्यांदा (pahilyAMdA)
For second time -> दुसऱ्यांदा (dusarxyAMdA)
For third time -> तिसऱ्यांदा (tisaryAMdA)
For fourth time -> चौथ्यांदा (chauthyAMdA)
For fifth time -> पाचव्यांदा (pAchavyAMdA)
For sixth time -> सहाव्यांदा (sahAvyAMdA)
etc.

I met him first in Pune and then second time in Mumbai -> 
मी त्याला पहिल्यांदा पुण्यात भेटलो आणि दुसऱ्यांदा मुंबईत  
(mI tyAlA pahilyAMdA puNyAt bheTalo ANi dusarxyAMdA muMbaIt  )

दा(dA) or वेळा(veLA) is appended to number to indicate number of times.
Once ->एकदा / एकवेळा ekadA / ekaveLA
Twice -> दोनदा / दोनवेळा (donadA / donaveLA )
Thrice -> तीनदा/ तीनवेळा (tInadA/ tIn veLA)

Some numbers like 17, 1000 are used to indicate huge amount of efforts instead of specific number. Also form is little changed in spoken language to give stress on it.
Seventeen times -> सतरादा/ सतरांदा / सतरावेळा (satarAdA/ satarAMdA / satarAveLA)
Thousand times -> हजारदा / हज्जारदा/ हजारवेळा (hajAradA / hajjAradA/ hajAraveLA )

e.g. I told you thousand times, still u make same mistakes -> 
तुला हज्जारदा सांगतलं तरी तू तीच चूक पुन्हा करतोस (tulA hajjAradA sAMgitalaM tarI tU tIch chUk punhA karatos)


Collective words
Masculine and feminine words will be used for group of persons. Neuter words will be used for collection of things
Single/Alone
Masculine ->एकटा ( ekaTA) 
Feminine ->एकटी(ekaTI) 
neuter -> एकटे ( ekaTe)
Both
Masc ->दोघे ( doghe)
Feminine -> दोघी  ( doghI  )
Neuter -> दोन्ही  ( donhI  )
All the three
Masc ->तीघे ( tIghe )
Feminine ->तीघी ( tIghI )
Neuter -> तीन्ही  ( tInhI )

Four persons/things
Masc ->चौघे ( chaughe )
Feminine ->चौघी ( chaughI )
Neuter -> चारी ( chArI )
Five persons/things
Masc ->पाच जण ( pAch jaN )
Feminine ->पाच जणी ( pAch jaNI )
Neuter ->  पाच (pAch)
Six persons/things
Masc ->सहा जण ( sahA jaN )
Feminine ->सहा जणी ( sahA jaNI )
Neuter ->  सहा ( sahA )


After number 5 there are no special words. You just say जण(jaN) or जणी (jaNI) along with number for masculine and feminine respecively.

Examples :-
I(boy) will come alone -> मी एकटा येईन (mI ekaTA yeIn)
I(girl) will come alone ->मी एकटी येईन (mI ekaTI yeIn)
You both(girls) stand up -> तुम्ही दोघी उभ्या रहा (tumhI doghI ubhyA rahA)
Give me both of your addresses -> मला तुझे दोन्ही पत्ते दे (malA tujhe donhI patte de)
Four persons (boys) told me -> चौघे मला म्हणाले  (chaughe malA mhaNAle )
All Four persons (boys) told me -> चौघेही मला म्हणाले (chaughehI malA mhaNAle)
Five persons (girls) will worship -> पाच जणी पूजा करतील (pAch jaNI pUjA karatIl)
All five persons (girls) are on leave today -> पाचही जणी आज सुट्टीवर आहेत (pAchahI jaNI Aj suTTIvar Ahet)

Fractional numbers


Quarter
पाव (pAv)
Half
अर्धा (ardhA)
Three fourth
पाऊण (pAUN)
Full
पूर्ण (pUrN)
One & quarter
सव्वा (savvA)
One & half
दीड (dID)
Quarter to two
पावणे दोन (pAvaNe don)
Two & quarter
सव्वा दोन (savvA don)
Two & half
अडीच (aDIch)
Quarter to three
पावणे तीन (pAvaNe tIn)
Three & quarter
सव्वा तीन (savvA tIn )
Three & half
साडे तीन (sADe tIn)



Till figure ‘two & half’ there are separate words.

For two onward ‘quarter’ figure is said by prefixing सव्वा (savvA)


Two & quarter
सव्वा दोन (savvA don)
Three & quarter
सव्वा तीन (savvA tIn)
Four & quarter
सव्वा चार (savvA chAr)
Five & quarter
सव्वा पाच (savvA pAch)
Six & quarter
सव्वा सहा  (savvA sahA )



Similarly three onward ‘half’ figure is said by prefixing साडे (saDe)


Three & half
साडे तीन (sADe tIn)
Four & half
साडे चार (sADe chAr)
Five & half
साडे पाच (sADe pAch)
Six & half
साडे सहा  (sADe sahA )


Similarly two onward "quarter to" type figure is said by prefixing पावणे(pAvaNe)
Quarter to two
पावणे दोन (pAvaNe don)
Quarter to three
पावणे तीन (pAvaNe tIn)
Quarter to four
पावणे चार (pAvaNe chAr)
Quarter to five
पावणे पाच (pAvaNe pAch)



The fractional number with decimal point.

The number “10.3” is generally said in English as “Ten point three”. Similarly we say in Marathi. For point the word is “पूर्णांक (pUrNAMk)

But in spoken Marathi people generally use English word “point” itself.



10.5 -> दहा पूर्णांक पाच (dahA pUrNAMk pAch) / 

           दहा point पाच (dahA point pAch)



3.70 -> तीन पूर्णांक सत्तर (tIn pUrNAMk sattar)/ 

           तीन point सत्तर (tIn point sattar)


11.22 ->अकरा पूर्णांक बावीस (akarA pUrNAMk bAvIs)/ 
            अकरा point बावीस (akarA point bAvIs)


Percentage in Marathi
"percent" in English is टक्के(Takke) in Marathi.
e.g.
11 % -> eleven percent ->अकरा टक्के (akarA Takke)
20% -> twenty percent -> वीस टक्के (vIs Takke)
20.5% -> twenty point five percent ->वीस point पाच टक्के (vIs point pAch Takke)

टक्के( Takke)  is plural of word टक्का ( TakkA). So we use it only for one or less than one
1% -> एक टक्का ( ek TakkA )
half percent -> अर्धा टक्का (ardhA TakkA)




Listen this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUXB4xFoXX0



***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

2 comments: