Comparison and degrees of comparison

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In English there are three degrees of comparison viz. positive, comparative and superlative.
Genrally we prefix “more” and “most” to adjective for comparative and superlative degree.
Sometimes there are different words to indicate each degree e.g. good-better-best
Bad-worse-worst  , tall- taller-tallest etc.

In Marathi, we do not have this second way of comparison. i.e. adjectives do not change as per degree.  Only words indicating degree are prefixed.

Example :-
Bitter  :- कडू  (kaDU )
More bitter :-  जास्त/अधिक कडू  (jAst/adhik kaDU)
Most bitter :-   “सर्वात” / “सर्वात जास्त” / “सर्वाधिक" कडू  (sarvAt /sarvAt jAst/ sarvAdhik kaDU)

tall  :-  उंच (uMch )
taller :-  
जास्त / अधिक उंच (jAst/adhik uMch)
tallest  :-  सर्वात” / “सर्वात जास्त” / “सर्वाधिक" उंच (sarvAt jAst/ sarvAdhik uMch)

Good :-  चांगला  (chAMgalA)
better :-  
जास्त / अधिक चांगला (jAst/adhik chAMgalA)
best  :-  सर्वात” / “सर्वात जास्त” / “सर्वाधिक चांगला (sarvAt / sarvAt jAst/ sarvAdhik chAMgalA)

Sentence formation is in second/comparitive degree is :-

Noun of comparison   
(subject)
सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) + पेक्षा(pekShA)
जास्त / अधिक

adjective
forms of असणे(“asaNe”) as per subject and tense
तो

माझ्यापेक्षा
जास्त / अधिक

उंच
आहे

Sometimes while speaking “जास्त / अधिक” can be omited

Let us take full example sentence
He is taller than me :- तो माझ्यापेक्षा जास्त / अधिक उंच आहे  (to mAjhyApekShA jAst/adhik uMch Ahe)
I am shorther than you :- मी तुझ्यापेक्षा बुटका आहे  ( mI tujhyApekShA buTakA Ahe )
They(plural of she) were haapier than now :- त्या आत्तापेक्षा जास्त / अधिक सुखी होत्या  (tyA AttApekShA jAst/adhik sukhI hotyA)

Sentence formation in superlative degree :-
Noun of comparison   
(subject)
सर्वात” / “सर्वात जास्त” / “सर्वाधिक
adjective
forms of असणे(“asaNe”) as per subject and tense
तो

जास्त / अधिक

उंच
आहे

He is best:- तो  सर्वात चांगला आहे  (to sarvAt chAMgalA Ahe).
Everest is tallest peak :- एव्हरेस्ट सर्वाधिक उंच शिखर आहे  (evharesT sarvAdhik uMch shikhar Ahe)
She was the youngest player :-  ती सर्वात लहान खेळाडू होती  (tI sarvAt lahAn kheLADU hotI)
Your voice is loudest of all :- तुझा आवाज सर्वात जास्त मोठा आहे   (tujhA AvAj sarvAt jAst moThA Ahe  )


Listen examples online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qwa8_rmSsqU


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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2 comments:

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