Working with nouns - Gender & Plurals in Marathi

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Till now we have worked on pronouns. Let us move towards other nouns and proper nouns.
Major difference in English and Marathi is in determining gender and plural forms.
In English generally non-living objects are considred neuter gender. But in Marathi even non-living objects can have masculine or feminine gender.
e.g Mango i.e. आंबा (AMbA) is masculine.
Cigarrete i.e. सिगरेट (sigareT) is feminie
Leaf i.e पान (pAn) is neuter.

Interestingly there is no specific rules based on which gender is decided !! So you have to do your guess. As you keep reading, listening Marathi more and more you will now about what is considered what.

Similarly depending on the gender and ending vowel of the word it plural is formed differently.

I have tried to summarize few rules here

Gender
Ending vowel
Plural
form will
end with
Singular –Plural Example
Meaning in English
Masculine
(A)
(e)
फळा  - फळे
phaLA – phaLe

फुगाफुगे
phugA – phuge

Board - Boards
Ballon -Ballons
Feminine
(I)
या (yA )
बरणी - बरण्या
baraNI baraNyA

सावली - सावल्या 
sAvalI - sAvalyA

jar-jars
shadow - shadows
Feminine
(a)
(A)


ई  (I)
माळ माळा
mAL - mALA


मांजर - मांजरी

mAMjar - mAMjarI
garland - garlands

cat - cats

Neuter
(a)
(e)
पान पाने
pAn - pAne

leaf - leaves


Neuter
(e)
 (I)
पाते - पाती

pAte - pAtI
blade - blades


Neuter
(U)
(e)

पिल्लू पिल्ले
pillU - pille
chick - chicken



Note for Feminine ending with (a) there are two ways of creating plural. For some plural ends using (A) and for some plural ends with ई  (I). There is no specific rule which one to use when. You will understand it as you will read more and more Marathi. 

For other words which do not fit in above rules, the singular and plural forms are same.
e.g. earthen pot is called माठ in Marathi which is treated as masculine. So its plural form is माठ only
e.g. 1 earthen pot 10 earthen pots 1 माठ 10 माठ 

I have started creating list of Marathi nouns, their gender and plural forms. List is uploaded as an excel sheet at
https://sites.google.com/site/learnmarathionline/home/nouns-gender-plural-and-forms-for-prepositions
Download the excel sheet to view it correctly.
Excel sheet is not complete. I will keep adding more and more nouns. So please check this link frequently to see newly added nouns.


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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6 comments:

  1. can u plz tell the feminine gender of shet in marathi

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. For your information : Shet = Farm / agriculture land is not Feminine Noun it's Neuter. So, plural of Shet is SHET only.

      Delete
    2. You are right about gender. Shet is neuter gender. But its plural is "shete"

      Delete
  2. what is plural for fulbaji (dipawali phataka)

    ReplyDelete