Using verb To Want/To Need

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The english verb “To Want” or “To need” in Marathi is “पाहिजे असणे (pAhije asaNe)/ हवे असणे (have asaNe).

Sentence formation is little different in Marathi.
In English we say, “I want mango”. It can also be said as “Mango is wanted to me”. Marathi sentence structure is similar to second way.

Form of subject             
object        
पाहिजे/ form of हवा as per object
form of  “असणे” as per object
मला (malA)
आंबा (AMbA)                               
पाहिजे/ हवा
(pAhije/havA)
आहे (Ahe)


I want mago      -> मला आंबा पाहिजे/हवा आहे (malA AMbA pAhije/havA Ahe)
He wants mago ->  त्याला आंबा पाहिजे/हवा आहे  (tyAlA AMbA pAhije/havA Ahe)
She wants mago -> तीला आंबा पाहिजे/हवा आहे  (tIlA AMbA pAhije/havA Ahe  )

As you see, the object “mango” is same in all sentences. So verb formation is same for all sentences i.e. “पाहिजे आहे / हवा आहे”. Only the form of subject “to me”, ”to him” , “to her” are used.

Suppose object is changed to “mangoes” i.e. masculine plural so sentences will be
I/He/She want magos      -> मला / त्याला/ तीला तीला आंबे पाहिजे/हवे आहेत (malA / tyAlA / tIlA  AMbe pAhije/have Ahet
)

See the verb changed to “हवे”, this is same as we had seen in article about adjectives (Remember   काळा/काळी/काळे ??!!!). Form of supporting verb is changed “आहेत”. This is also same as per the rules of simple present tense.

Just for your reference the form of “हवे” can be summarized as

Singular
Plural
Masculine
हवा (havA)
हवे (have)
Feminie
हवी (havI)
हव्या (havyA)
Neuter
हवे (have)
हवी (havI)


Go through below examples in different genders. Multiplicity and tenses

Present tense
1) Masculine
chalk :- खडू (khaDU )
Singular
He/She/They want chalk :- 
त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवा आहे 
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/havA Ahe)
plural
He/She/They want chalks :- 
त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवे आहेत
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/have Ahet)
2) Feminine
Bag :- पेटी (peTI)
Singular
He/She/They want bag :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेटी पाहिजे/हवी आहे
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTI pahije/havI Ahe)
plural
He/She/They want bags:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेट्या पाहिजे/हव्या आहेत
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTyA pahije/havyA Ahet)

3) Neuter
Page :- पान (pAn)
Singular
He/She/They want page :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पान पाहिजे/हवे आहे
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAn pahije/have Ahe)
plural
He/She/They want pages:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पाने पाहिजे/हवी आहेत
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAne pahije/havI Ahet)

Past tense
1) Masculine
chalk :- खडू (khaDU )
Singular
He/She/They wanted chalk :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवा होता
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/havA hotA)
plural
He/She/They wanted chalks :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवे होते
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/have hote)
2) Feminine
Bag :- पेटी (peTI)
Singular
He/She/They wanted bag :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेटी पाहिजे/हवी होती
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTI pahije/havI hotI)
plural
He/She/They wanted bags:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेट्या पाहिजे/हव्या होत्या
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTyA pahije/havyA hotyA)
3) Neuter
Page :- पान (pAn)
Singular
He/She/They wanted page :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पान पाहिजे/हवे होते
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAn pahije/have hote)
plural
He/She/They wanted pages:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पाने पाहिजे/हवी होती
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAne pahije/havI hotI)

Future tense
1) Masculine
chalk :- खडू (khaDU )
Singular
He/She/They will need chalk :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवा असेल
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/havA asel)
plural
He/She/They will need chalks :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना खडू पाहिजे/हवे असतील
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA khaDU pahije/have asatIl)

2) Feminine
Bag :- पेटी (peTI)
Singular
He/She/They will need bag :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेटी पाहिजे/हवी असेल
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTI pahije/havI asel)
plural
He/She/They will need bags:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पेट्या पाहिजे/हव्या असतील
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA peTyA pahije/havyA asatIl)

3) Neuter
Page :- पान (pAn)
Singular
He/She/They will need page :- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पान पाहिजे/हवे असेल
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAn pahije/have asel)
plural
He/She/They will need pages:- त्याला/ तीला /त्यांना पाने पाहिजे/हवी असतील
(tyAlA/tIlA/tyAMnA pAne pahije/havI asatIl)

Negative sentence:-
In English we will say negative sentence as, "I do not want", "I did not want" etc.


The sentence structure of negative sentence is similar to positive sentence. Only instead of “पाहिजे/ हवा”(pAhije/hava) we will use नको (nako)



Form of subject              
object        
नको (nako)
form of  “असणे” as per object
मला (malA)
आंबा (AMbA)                       
नको (nako)
आहे (Ahe)



Examples :-

I do not want mango:- मला आंबा नको आहे (malA AMbA nako Ahe)

She will not want bag:- तीला पेटी नको असेल  (tIlA peTI nako asel)

He did not want chalk :- त्याला खडू नको होता (tyAlA khaDU nako hotA)

He did not want bag :- त्याला पेटी नको होती (tyAlA peTI nako hotI)

There is another way to create negative sentences. But it is NOT preferred way. 
A positive sentence can be converted to negative sentence by replacing पाहिजे(pAhije) with नाही पाहिजे(nAhI pAhije
Examples :- 
I do not want mango:- मला आंबा नाही पाहिजे (malA AMbA nAhI pAhije)
She does not want ice-cream :- तीला आईसक्रीम नाही पाहिजे(tIlA AIsakrIm nAhI pAhije)
He did not want chalk :- त्याला खडू नाही पाहिजे होता (tyAlA khaDU nAhI pAhije hotA)


Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WqKkngjghUY

Using Want/Need with another verb :-
Refer other post 
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/using-to-want-with-other-verbs.html



Using verb लागणे(lAgaNe)
There is subtle difference in "To need" and "To want". A need is something you have to have, something you can't do without. A good example is food. 
A want is something you would like to have. It is not absolutely necessary, but it would be a good thing to have. A good example is music.

So to indicate "To need" in colloquial Marathi, we use verb लागणे(lAgaNe).
Sentence structure is same as above


Form of subject             
object        
form of  लागणे(lAgaNe) as per object
मला (malA)
बादली (bAdalI )                               
लागते (lAgate)

I need bucket -> मला बादली लागते (malA bAdalI lAgate )
I will need bucket -> मला बादली लागेल (malA bAdalI lAgel)

My car needs lot of petrol -> माझ्या गाडीला खूप पेट्रोल लागते (mAjhyA gADIlA khUp peTrol lAgate)


Please note that there are many meaning of verb लागणे(lAgaNe). So depending on context. Refer lesson for more details.
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/10/lagane-one-verb-multiple-meanings.html


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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2 comments:

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