Sentence using "Used to" phrase

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In English we use the phrase “used to” to indicate repetitive events.
e.g. I used to go to morning walk when I was in school.
He used to play bad before he got the coaching.

Similar structure in Marathi is :-
Subject      verb+suffix
मी                 कर  + आयचो
Pronoun in English
Pronoun
in
Marathi
suffix
Transliteration
I (male)
मी
आयचो
Ayacho
I (female)
मी
आयचे
Ayache
we
आम्ही
आयचो
Ayacho
we ( listener including)
आपण
आयचो
Ayacho
You (singular male)
तू
आयचास
AyachAs
You (singular female)
तू
आयचीस
AyachIs
You (plural)
तुम्ही
आयचात
AyachAt
He / That (m.) / This (m.)  
तो / तो / हा
आयचा
AyachA

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 
ती / ती / ही
आयची
AyachI
It / That(n.) / This (n.)
ते / ते / हे
आयचे
Ayache
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
आयचे
Ayache
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
आयच्या
AyachyA
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
आयची
AyachI

Examples :-
I used to do :- मी करायचो  ( mI karAyacho )
She used to speak :- ती बोलायची (tI bolAyachI )
He used to dance :- तो  नाचायचा (to nAchAyachA )
They(plural of he)  used to eat mangos :- ते आंबे खायचे (te AMbe khAyache )
They(plural of she) used to play cricket :- त्या क्रिकेट खेळायच्या  (tyA krikeT kheLAyachyA )

Even the verb “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) in Marathi can be used this wasy
He used to be there :- तो तिकडे असायचा (to tikaDe asAyachA)
She used to be quiet :- ती शांत असायची (tI shAMt asAyachI )

Negative sentences.
Negative sentences can be formed by adding नाही ( nAhI ) after verb form. Depending on subject नाही/नाहीस/नाहीत ( nAhI/nAhIs/nAhIt  ) is added.
refer http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/negative-sentences-present-tense.html
e.g.
I did not use to do :- मी करायचो नाही ( mI karAyacho nAhI)

She did not use to speak :- ती बोलायची नाही (tI bolAyachI nAhI)
You did not use to dance :- तू नाचायचा नाहीस ( tU nAchAyachA nAhIs )
They(plural of he)  did not use to eat mangos :- ते आंबे खायचे नाहीत  (te AMbe khAyache nAhIT)
She did not use to be quiet :- ती शांत असायची नाही (tI shAMt asAyachI nAhI)

For “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) a negative form can be created by prefixing न(n)
i.e.  न(n) + असायचा (asAyachA) -> नसायचा ( nasAyachA )
i.e.  न(n) + असायची(asAyachI) -> नसायची ( nasAyachI)



He did not use to be there :- तो तिकडे नसायचा (to tikaDe nasAyachA)
She did not use to be quiet :- ती शांत नसायची (tI shAMt nasAyachI )


In English the present tense of “used to“ conveys different meaning. It conveys familiarity of action.
e.g I am used to lifting heavy weights.
Here “am used to” indicates that action of “lifting heavy weights” is familiar/easier to me.
So in English we do not have any parallel phrase to indicate present tense of “used to”.
So you need to understand it without example from English.
“used to” says that event occurred frequently in past.
Then present tense form of "used to" in marathi will indicate that event occurs frequenly in present.

Sentence formation is
Subject            verb+(t)          form of of असणे(asaNe)

मी                     कर+त               असतो

The form of “asaNe” is created using suffixes for Simple Present Tense. For simplicity I have given it readymade here.

Pronoun in English
Pronoun
in
Marathi
Suffix for
common
verbs in
Future Continuous
Suffix in Marathi for simple present tense 
Form of
असणे(asaNe)
in by attaching suffix
Transliteration
I (male)
मी






(t)

तो
असतो

asato

I (female)
मी
ते
असते
asate
we
आम्ही
तो
असतो
asato
we ( listener including)
आपण
तो
असतो
asato
You (singular male)
तू
तोस
असतोस
asatos
You (singular female)
तू
तेस

असतेस
asates
You (plural)
तुम्ही
ता

असता
asatA
He / That (m.) / This (m.)  
तो / तो / हा
तो
असतो

asato

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 
ती / ती / ही
ते
असते
asate
It / That(n.) / This (n.)
ते / ते / हे
ते
असते
asate
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
तात
असतात
asatAt
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
तात
असतात
asatAt
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
तात
असतात
asatAt

He is used to dance :-  तो नाचत असतो  (to nAchat asato )
She is used to speak :- ती बोलत असते ( tI bolat asate )
Those girls are used to laugh :- त्या मुली हसत असतात  ( tyA mulI hasat asatAt )
I am used to be there :- मी तिकडे असतो (mI tikaDe asato )
She is used to be quiet :- ती शांत असते  (tI shAMt asate   ) 

Negative sentences
As seen in previous section For “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) a negative form can be created by prefixing न(n)

i.e.  न(n) + असतात(asatAt) -> नसतात ( nasatAt )
i.e.  न(n) + असते(asate) -> नसायची ( नसते)

He is not used to dance :-  तो नाचत नसतो (to nAchat nasato )
She is not used to speak :- ती बोलत नसते ( tI bolat nasate )

Listen examples online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWerWKgtxgs





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9 comments:

  1. Sir please correct me in the following translations

    1. this is not happening in right way -> ha yogya dishAt nAhI hot Ahe
    2. happens so -> asA aste or hote
    3. does not happen so -> asA naste or nAhI hote
    4. used to happen so -> asA asAyche or hovAyche
    5. never used to happen so -> kadhi nasAyche or hovAyche nAhI
    6. was not happening -> hot navhate
    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Can you please write the sentences in Devanagari script, so that I can understand that you are using correct words/pronunciation.
      Also please write complete sentences so that it can be translated correctly. Sometimes context changes the translation.

      I would also suggest you to join FB group for learning Marathi
      https://www.facebook.com/groups/learnmarathi.wid.bk
      There you can discuss with other Marathi learners; ask questions get some tips etc.

      waiting for your reply here or on FB

      Delete
    2. Just rectifying your given sentences

      this is not happening in right way ->हे योग्य प्रकारे होत नाही आहे.(he yogy prakAre hot nAhI Ahe.)
      happens so ->असे होते. / असे घडते.(ase hote. / ase ghaDate.)
      does not happen so ->असे होत नाही. / असे घडत नाही.(ase hot nAhI. / ase ghaDat nAhI.)
      used to happen so ->असे व्हायचे/ असे घडायचे.(ase vhAyache/ ase ghaDAyache.)
      never used to happen so ->असे व्हायचे नाही / असे घडायचे नाही.(ase vhAyache nAhI / ase ghaDAyache nAhI.)
      was not happening ->होत नव्हते / घडत नव्हते(hot navhate / ghaDat navhate)

      Delete
    3. हो आत्ता खरंच कळला.

      धन्यवाद

      Delete
  2. It should be कळलं .
    May i know your name plz. Can you mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. For these examples,
    He is used to dance :- तो नाचत असतो (to nAchat asato )
    ...
    it would be better to list the Engligh translation as 'He dances regularly' and so on. In other words, what you are referring to as "used to" in present tense is basically any action done regularly in the present. Just a suggestion :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for your suggestion.
      It will be great if you could send me email.

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  4. मी पुराण वाचत आहे
    means at the moment of speaking, i am doing the action

    मी पुराण वाचत असतो
    means at the moment of speaking, i may not doing the action but on the regular basis, i do it as usual

    am i right?

    ReplyDelete