Pronouns and Articles in Marathi

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Let us learn pronouns today. Below chart has the list.

As I would always say, go through the list once. But do not get daunted by the details. When we will start preparing sentence, come back to chart and get the required pronoun.
Using them frequently will make you familiar. And afterwards you will not need to come back this chart.



Pronoun in English
Pronoun in Marathi
Transliteration
I
मी
mI
we
आम्ही
AmhI
we ( listenr including)
आपण
ApaN
You (singular)
तू
tU
You (plural)
तुम्ही
tumhI
He / That (male)
तो
to
She /That (female)
ती
tI
It /That (neuter)
ते
te
They (Plural of He) /Those (m.)
ते
te
They (Plural of She) /Those(f.)
त्या
tyA
They (Plural of it) /Those (n.)
ती
tI
This(Male)
हा
hA
This(Female)
ही
hI
This(neuter)
हे
he
These (male)
हे
he
These (female)
ह्या
hyA
These (neuter)
ही
hI



Difference between आम्ही(AmhI) and आपण(ApaN)
आम्ही(AmhI) is used when listener is not included in referred group.
e.g if a boy went to a party with his family. Then he will tell his friend as
  We went to party  -> आम्ही "पार्टी"ला गेलो  ->  AmhI “party”lA gelo   
Here listeners i.e. friends are not included in the “WE”

Same boy will tell to his family member
We went to party -> आपण "पार्टी"ला गेलो -> ApaN "party"lA gelo 
Here the listener  i.e. family member is included in “we”

Other pronouns
Self :- स्वतः (svatH)


********************* Articles  ************************* 
In English there are three article "a', "an" and "The". In Marathi there is no custom of using such articles. 
"This is horse" and "This is a horse" will be translated in Marathi same way "हा घोडा आहे"(hA ghoDA Ahe )
"This is ant" and "This is an ant" will be translated in Marathi same way "ही मुंगी आहे" ( hI muMgI Ahe )
"The Sun", "The moon" will be translated as if written just "sun", "moon" without article "The" i.e. सूर्य (sUrya), चंद्र(chaMdra)

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nksp0TWvG1Y


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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20 comments:

  1. Hi Kaushik,

    Thank you so much for your excellent lessons. Since I already know Hindi but am native in English, I find your translations through English and Hindi to be particularly helpful.

    Just FYI, I've noticed that your spelling for words like AmhI ("We") and tI ("you" feminine) should be Amhi and ti with i's at the end rather than l's. At least that's how my Marathi-speaking friends have corrected me. If you're using a capital "i", please consider using a small "i" so that it is clear in the font.

    Thanks!
    Jennie

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Jennie,
      Thanks for appreciation.

      There is reason for using capital I.In my blog, "Capital I" indicates "deergha-ee"(elongated ee)where as "small i" indicates "rhasva-ee" ( short ee)
      e.g. how many -> किती (kitI) both "i" are used. And both indicate little different sound.

      Check with Marathi friends, hey will explain you with example.

      For Conventions which I used for writing Marathi in English script, please refer
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/day-1.html

      Delete
  2. Dear Lele, i'm catching up ur lesson so let me say, Tumhi majhe guru ahe. but i'd like to know more about 'apan'. i found in other place that it can also mean 'you' in a very respectful term and somehow i found its other form like 'apli' 'apla' too. So plz clear my doubt. or it's out of fashion and no one uses it any more?? and people use 'tumhi' instead?? thank you. (i think about tu-tumhi-ap in Hindi)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "ApaN" is used for someone with respect. But "ApaN" is used in very formal conversation ( written or oral ).
      In day to day life, we use "tumhi" to address someone with respect.

      You can find a lesson to this topic in my "Learn Marathi from Hindi" blog at
      http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/03/saying-tum-aap-in-marathi.html

      Also I would appreciate if you can mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com
      I send updates about my blog to my "students". Also through mails a topic can be discussed sequentially.
      Thanks.

      Delete
    2. Hi, I added separate lesson to discuss the concept in detail.
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.com/2012/05/using-plurals-to-indicate-respect.html

      Delete
  3. hello kaushik want to contact you can I have your email id. I want to learn Marathi.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Please reach me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
    2. Namaskar Vijay, Ya blog madhun mi itarana Marathi shikavato. English shikanyasathi aplyala dusatya konachi tari madat ghyavi lagel.

      Delete
  4. What is the meaning of Marathi word "tyaas" when used in any sentence?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "tyaa" or "tyaala" means to "to him". Refer the lesson prelated to "Preposition To"
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/preposition-to.html

      Let me know if it helps.

      Delete
    2. Does the word "tyaas" carries same meaning as the words "tyaa" or "tyaala"?

      Delete
    3. Sorry, it was a typo. I did not mean "tyaa".
      "tyaas" = "tyaalaa"= to him

      Delete
    4. Do these pronouns ever describe/indicate/direct or say something about any adverb, adverbial clause, adjective, adjective clause when used in a sentence?

      Delete
    5. I could not understand your question. Plz elaborate.

      Delete
    6. What is the function of a pronoun? Can it come in place of a noun only or can it also describe/indicate/direct or say something about any adverb, adjective, etc.?

      Delete
    7. pronoun comes in place of noun.

      May I know your name plz ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  5. What is the meaning of Marathi word "tyaane" when used in any sentence?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. "tyaane" means "by him". This form is used in past tense related sentence structure.
      For more details plz refer
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/simple-past-tense-part-2.html

      May I know your name plz ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
    2. I am trying to understand the purpose of a letter which is printed in Marathi.

      Delete