Present Continuous Tense in Marathi

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After Learning Simple Present Tense of To be it is easy to march toward learning Present Continuous tense ( PCT)

In English PCT sentence is formed as follows :-
“Pronoun”                   
“form of To be” 
“Verb+-ing”

am                   
doing


Similarly in Marathi PCT sentence is formed as follows :-

“Pronoun”   
“form of verb in Simple Present Tense”  
“form of असणे (asaNe)”

मी                
करतो                                               
आहे


I ->  मी    Do -> कर  Am -> आहे

Let us take another example. He eats in Marathi is तो खातो. Form of असणे(asaNe) for He is "आहे"(Ahe)
So, तो खातो followed by आहे  -> तो खातो आहे  is Present Continuous ( He is eating) 

Similarly ती रडते --> ती रडते आहे (tI raDate Ahe) is Present Continuous ( She is cying) 
  
There are few exception for pronoun "You" and "They"

1)  Exception for “You”
You (male) eat --> तू खातोस  (tU khAtos )
The form of असणे(asaNe) for You is आहेस(Ahes). So as per above rule Present continuous sentence will be “तू खातोस आहेस”. But exception is that ending (s) is not used in verb खातो .
Sentence will be “तू खातो आहेस”.

2) Exception for "They"
They (plural of He/She/It) eat --> ते/त्या/ती खातात  (te/tyA/ I khAtAt )
The form of असणे(asaNe) for You is आहेत (Ahet). So as per above rule Present continuous sentence will be “ते/त्या/ती खातात आहेत”.
But exception is that ending तात (tAt) is not used in verb खा. Instead only (t) is used.
Sentence will be ते/त्या/ती खात आहेत”.

So below chart lists the suffixes of present continuous (which is internally combination of suffixes for general verb and “to be” in Present continuous).
Exceptions highlighted.


Pronoun in English
Pronoun in Marathi
Suffix for common verbs in Simple Present
Form of असणे(“asaNe”) in Simple Present 
Combined suffix for Present Continuous
I (male)
मी
तो
आहे
तो आहे
I (female)
मी
ते
आहे
ते आहे
we
आम्ही
तो
आहोत
तो आहोत
we ( listener including)
आपण
तो
आहोत
तो आहोत
You (singular male)
तू
तोस
आहेस
तो आहेस
You (singular female)
तू
तेस


आहेस
ते आहेस
You (plural)
तुम्ही
ता


आहात
ता आहात
He / That (m.) / This (m.)  
तो / तो / हा
तो
आहे
तो आहे
She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 
ती / ती / ही
ते
आहे
ते आहे
It / That(n.) / This (n.)
ते / ते / हे
ते
आहे
ते आहे
They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)
ते / ते / हे
तात
आहेत
त आहेत
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 
त्या / त्या / ह्या
तात
आहेत
त आहेत
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)
ती / ती / ही
तात
आहेत
त आहेत


Few examples :-
I ( male) am doing.                          मी करतो आहे  (mI karato Ahe)
I (female) am doing.                        मी करते आहे (mI karate Ahe)
We are dancing.                              आम्ही/आपण नाचतो आहोत (AmhI/ApaN nAchato Ahot)
You (male) are crying.                     तू रडतो आहेस (tU raDato Ahes)
You (female) are crying .                 तू रडते आहेस (tU raDate Ahes)
You (Plural) are walking                  तुम्ही चालता आहात (tumhI chAlatA AhAt)
He is walking.                                 तो चालतो आहे (to chalato Ahe)
She is speaking.                              ती बोलते आहे (tI bolate Ahe)
It is moving.                                    ते हलते आहे (te halate Ahe)
They are dancing.                           ते/ त्या/ ती   नाचत आहेत (te/tyA/tI nAchat Ahet )


Style 2 of present continuous tense
Second style of present continuous tense is same as above. Only difference is that, for all nouns and pronouns the suffix for verb is त(t). 
Both styles are correct and part of standard Marathi. 
So this form is bit simpler way for new learner. 

I ( male) am doing.                          
Style 1 ->मी करतो आहे  (mI karato Ahe)
Style 2 ->मी करत आहे  (mI karat Ahe)

She is speaking.                             
Style 1-> ती बोलते आहे (tI bolate Ahe)
Style 2-> ती बोलत आहे (tI bolat Ahe)

It is moving.                                    
Style 1->ते हलते आहे (te halate Ahe)
Style 2->ते हलत आहे (te halat Ahe)

You (male) are crying.                     
Style 1->तू रडतो आहेस (tU raDato Ahes)
Style 2->तू रडत आहेस (tU raDat Ahes)

Listen examples of Style 1 and Style 2 at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msbyIKBOlq0





Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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30 comments:

  1. So, “तो खातो” followed by “आहे” -> “तो खातो आहे” is Present Continuous ( I am eating)

    Is it I am eating or he is eating?
    if It is I am eating, in matathi " Mi khatho ahe???
    I am a beginner , just my doubt only.
    Thanks
    Raghu

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If you check above table again,
      "तो खातो" -> "He eats".
      So “तो खातो” followed by “आहे” ->“तो खातो आहे” is "He is eating"

      Similarly,
      "मी खातो" -> I eat
      So "मी खातो" followed by “आहे” -> "मी खातो आहे" is "I am eating"

      Delete
  2. how will i write 'i am trying to study'?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. To try -> प्रयत्न करणे ( prayatna karaNe )
      To study -> अभ्यास करणे ( abhyAs karaNe )

      I am trying -> मी प्रयत्न करत आहे (mI prayatna karat Ahe)
      I am trying to study -> मी अभ्यास करायचा प्रयत्न करत आहे (mI abhyAs karAyachA prayatna karat Ahe )

      Here you have used two verbs. "Try" is main verb and "study" is secondary verb. To understand how the form of verb study became "करायचा" you may refer
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/using-to-want-with-other-verbs.html

      Delete
  3. very help ful blog....... thank u very much

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks Asifyes, let me know your more detailed response by mailing on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  4. Very helpful blog.... Pls let me have your ph no and e mail ID .. I have lot of maharashtrian friends around me ..so I am interested in learning the language well. My suggestion ..you might add some audio clips for sentences for proper learning with right pronunciation
    Madhavarao

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Kesavan,
      Thanks for using my blog and appreciation.

      You may contact me on :- learnmarathifast@gmail.com
      I would like to know more detailed feedback from you like what things you found good, what needs to explained better, what is missing and any other opinion you wish to share.

      I am thinking of adding audio/video clips. But it is quite bigger task than writing the post. Looking at my current work-schedule it might take quite long.
      Also for Indians, pronunciation will not be much problem.
      But I found few videos on you tube, check if you feel them useful.

      waiting for your reply,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  5. dear sir, this is really helpful for learning english who have marahti as their mother tongue :) thank you :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. It will be quite "innovative" to use it reverse way.
      But I am glad that it is helpful anyhow :)

      Delete
  6. Hello Kaushik,

    Is it possible for you to publish a list of words with their gender. I often get confused while speaking. I use mostly masculine gender in all the sentences. e.g, Tujhe shoes kuta gele, Bus gela..etc...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This is the peculiar problem of Marathi Learners. To address this I started creating list of Marathi nouns, their gender and plural forms. But I soon realized that this is mammoth task with thousands of nouns in Marathi like any other language. So a good dictionary is permanent and proper solution.

      The list which I started to create is uploaded as an excel sheet at
      https://sites.google.com/site/learnmarathionline/home/nouns-gender-plural-and-forms-for-prepositions
      Download the excel sheet to view it correctly.
      Excel sheet is not up-to-date. I will keep adding more and more nouns. So please check this link frequently to see newly added nouns.

      I would appreciate if you can mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com so that we can discuss more about your feedback and suggestions.

      Delete
  7. Dear kaushik,
    In previous pages the verb suffix which is to be added with " you" is " tos " , but in this chapter you have mentioned the sentence " tu radto aahes"
    My question is , is something wrong with the line " tu radtos aahes" cuz it just fits in the grammer you have mentioned in the previouus chapters.
    Waiting for your reply.

    -aayush

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, "tu radtos aahes" is grammatically in-correct.
      This is exception for you.

      I explained two exceptions in this lesson :-
      1) Exception for “You”"
      2) Exception for “They”

      Do let me now if it is not clear. You may mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  8. Hi,i am a starting learner of marathi.this site is very useful.but i have a doubt ,,,,,,in the above u said that in marahi to say- i am doing-me karte/karat ahe.is it can be said in any other ways.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Welcome to world of Marathi.
      Yes you can say in any of the ways. Both are correct.

      can you mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com
      I generally send updates to blog users whenever new lesson is added etc.
      I would like to know more detailead feedback from you like what things you found good, what needs to explained better, what is missing and any other opinion you wish to share.

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  9. hi. thank you for explanation. can you tell me how will be "They are going" ते/ त्या/ ती येत आहेत?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Not "येत", it is "जात"
      They are coming -> ते/ त्या/ ती येत आहेत
      They are going -> ते/ त्या/ ती जात आहेत

      May I know your name please ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog.

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  10. So, “तो खातो” followed by “आहे” -> “तो खातो आहे” is Present Continuous ( I am eating)

    In this sentence I think it will be "He is Eating" instead of "I am eating"

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are right. It was a copy paste mistake. I rectified it. Thanks for pointing it out.

      May I know your name please ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  11. what Is the diff betwn simple present vs continue present ??

    ReplyDelete
  12. in the crying example 2nd style it should be raDat instead or raDato. At least, this is what you explained.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Francess (I hope I named you correctly),
      Thanks for pointing it out. I have rectified it.

      Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      Thanks.
      Kaushik

      Delete
  13. Hi Kaushik,

    I find your blog very useful. I have a question - where do we use verb forms like kartoy/boltoy?

    Also, one suggestion - can you embed the Youtube/soundcloud links on the page as frames so that one doesn't have to browse away from page, it breaks the continuity.

    Thanks,
    Swapnil

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Swapnil,
      kartoy/boltoy are short forms in spoken language. You can find detiled explanation in this lesson :-

      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/short-forms-in-spoken-marathi.html

      Yes, I will try to embed.

      I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and experience with my blog so far. Can you please mail me on learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete
  14. चला मराठी शिकुया हा कोनता काळ आहे?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. हे नेहमीसारखं साधं वाक्य नाही. हा वेगळा प्रकार आहे. बहुतेक "आज्ञार्थी वाक्य" प्रकारात मोडेल. त्यामुळे काळाचा संबंध नाही.

      Delete
  15. मामाच्या गावाला जाऊया... Is it present continuous?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. हे नेहमीसारखं साधं वाक्य नाही. हा वेगळा प्रकार आहे. बहुतेक "आज्ञार्थी वाक्य" प्रकारात मोडेल. त्यामुळे काळाचा संबंध नाही.

      Delete