Learn Prepositions in Marathi

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************


We have now finished important part of grammar i.e. Tenses
Let us move towards different forms of pronouns used for preposition

In English with preposition is used as with me, with him etc.
with in Marathi is बरोबर (barobar)
with me -->माझ्या बरोबर  ( mAjhyA barobar )
with him --> तुझ्या बरोबर  ( tujhyA barobar )

You can observe that preposition in Marathi comes after noun. So it is rather postposition!!
Also note that while using preposition in English; for I we used Me; for He we used Him.
Similarly in Marathi for मी (mI ) we used माझ्या( mAjhyA )
For तू ( tU ) we used तुझ्या ( tujhyA )

This changed forms are called सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) in Marathi or Oblique case form in English.

Below table list such forms. So by appending the preposition we can create required word

Pronoun in English
Pronoun

in

Marathi
सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) in Marathi
Transliteration
I (male)
मी
माझ्या
mAjhyA
I (female)
मी
माझ्या
mAjhyA
we
आम्ही
आमच्या
Amachyaa
we ( listener including)
आपण
आपल्या
ApalyA
You (singular male)
तू
तुझ्या
tujhyA
You (singular female)
तू
तुझ्या
tujhyA
You (plural)
तुम्ही
तुमच्या
tumachyA
He
तो
त्याच्या / त्या  
tyAchyA / tyA
She
ती
तीच्या
tIchyA
It
ते


त्याच्या / त्या 
tyAchyA / tyA
They (Plural of He)
ते
त्यांच्या
tyAMchyA
They (Plural of She)
त्या
त्यांच्या
tyAMchyA
They (Plural of it)
ती
त्यांच्या
tyAMchyA
This(Male)
हा
ह्याच्या / ह्या / या
hyAchyA / hyA /yA
This(Female)
ही
हीच्या 
hIchyA 
This(neuter)
हे
ह्याच्या / ह्या / या
hyAchyA / hyA/ yA
These (male)
हे
ह्यांच्या /ह्यां
hyAMchyA /hyAM
These (female)
ह्या
ह्यांच्या/ ह्यां
hyAMchyA /hyAM
These (neuter)
ही
ह्यांच्या /ह्यां
hyAMchyA /hyAM

Note :- for "He" and This(male) etc. there are two सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) are mentioned. Both are grammatically correct. But first form viz. त्याच्या(tyAchyA), ह्याच्या (hyAchyA)etc. are used more frequently than second form viz. त्या(tyA),ह्या(hyA) etc..
Second form is generally used in formal Marathi writing.

The pronoun for "self" is स्वतः (svatH) and its सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) is same i.e. स्वतः (svatH)

List of few frequently used prepositions

Preposition in English
Preposition  
Marathi
Transliteration
about
बद्दल
baddal
Above
वर
var
across
पलिकडे
palikaDe
after
नंतर
naMtar
against
विरुद्ध
viruddh
Among
मध्ये
madhye
Around
भोवती
bhovatI
As/ like
सारखा
sArakhA
aside
बाजुला
bAjulA
Before
आधी
AdhI
below
खाली
khAlI
for
साठी
sAThI
From /since
पासून / कडून
pAsUn / kaDUn
in
आत
At
outside
बाहेर
bAher
till / untill
पर्यंत
paryaMt
without
शिवाय
shivAy
behind
मागे
mAge
during
दरम्यान
daramyAn
Near /close to
जवळ
javaL
towards
दिशेने
dishene
with
सोबत / बरोबर
sobat / barobar
Instead of
ऐवजी
aivajI
On behalf of
वतीने
vatIne
In front of
समोर
samor
Prior to
पूर्वी
pUrvI
Because of
मुळे
muLe
According to
अनुसार / प्रमाणे
anusAr / pramANe
Through
मधून
madhUn
With
शी
shI
Examples:-

About me (male/female)              माझ्या बद्दल (mAjhyA baddal)
After us                                     आमच्या/ आपल्या नंतर ( AmachyA / ApalyA naMtar )
aside you (singular)                    तुझ्या बाजुला ( tujhyA bAjulA ) 
before you (plural )                     तुमच्या आधी ( tumachyA AdhI ) 
below him                                  त्याच्या खाली / त्याखाली tyAchyA khAlI /tyAkhAlI)                                        
after him                                   त्याच्या नंतर / त्यानंतर ( tyAchyA naMtar / tyAnaMtar )
for her                                      तीच्या साठी tIchyA sAThI ) 
from it                                      त्याच्या पासून (tyAchyA pAsUn ) 
                                               त्याच्या कडून  (tyAchyA kaDUn)
                                               त्यापासून (tyApAsUn )
                                               त्याकडून (tyAkaDUn)
in them                                     त्यांच्या आत ( tyAMchyA At )

From self                                  स्वतः कडून (svatH kaDUn)
After self                                   स्वतः नंतर (svatH naMtar)
Listen examples online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDXoStxCsfY

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

13 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. Hi Parth, Thanks.
      What motivated you to learn Marathi ? Since when are you learning Marathi ? How much did this blog help you ? ? Do you have any suggestion for this blog
      I would like know all this. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  2. Could you please point me to the link on other case suffixes than la and ca? Like gharaat, gharun, etc.?
    By the way, I love your blog. Thank you so much for such a neatly organized one.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Never mind, I found it here http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/working-with-nouns-prepositions.html

      Delete
    2. Thanks. May I know your name please.
      Also I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and your feedback about my website. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  3. Pleaze tell me parata and tam shabdyogi word meaning in marathi with example

    ReplyDelete
  4. Pleaze tell me parata and tam shabdyogi word meaning in marathi with example

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I could not understand your question. Please elaborate.

      Delete
  5. I want to ask how to use prepositions with nouns? Did I miss it? Could you, please tell me where you explain that? what will be nouns in oblique?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/working-with-nouns-prepositions.html

      Refer this lesson.
      May I know your name plz.
      Also I would like to know more about your Marathi learning and your experience of my website. Can you please mail me at learnmarathifast@gmail.com

      Delete
  6. Very good blog for beginners. Thanks a lot

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are welcome. Thanks for appreciation. May I know your name please ? Are you learning Marathi using my blog ?

      - Kaushik

      Delete
  7. I want to know the "samanya rup" of the following words-
    Dola(eye),Doh,themb,nabh,nadi

    ReplyDelete