Commands / Imperative statements in Marathi

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Commands



As we had seen in very beginning, just saying the verb is giving order to someone.

When speaking with someone he is called with तुम्ही  (tumhI ) and verb is suffixed with ( A)

Some verbs which are not ending with “”(a); suffixing “ ( A) will create bit different form. See below examples of दे(de), पी (pI)


Command in English
Command in Marathi
Command in Marathi ( with respect )
You speak
तू बोल (tU bol )
तुम्ही  बोला(tumhI bolA   )
Read it
हे वाच  (he vAch )
हे वाचा (he vAchA )
Do it
हे कर  (he kar )
हे करा  (he karA )
You go 
तू जा  (  tU jA )
तुम्ही  जा  (  tumhI jA )
You give
तू दे (tU de)
तुम्ही द्या (tumhI dyA)
You drink
तू पी (tU pI )
तुम्ही प्या (tumhI pyA)




Negative commands

For normal Verb+ नकोस ( +U nakos )

With respect Verb+ नका (+U nakA )


Command in English
Command in Marathi
Command in Marathi ( with respect )
You do not speak
तू बोलू नकोस (tU bolU nakos)
तुम्ही  बोलू नका (tumhI bolU nakA)
Do not read it
हे वाचू नकोस (he vAchU nakos)
हे वाचू नका (he vAchU nakA)
Do not do it
हे करू नकोस (he karU nakos)
हे करू नका (he karU nakA)
You do not go 
तू जाऊ नकोस tU jAU nakos)
तुम्ही  जाऊ नका tumhI jAU nakA)



Verbs ending with  ( A) remain as it is when giving commands with respect
You eat -> तुम्ही खा ( tumhI khA )
You go -> तुम्ही जा ( tumhI jA )


Giving commands very formally.
In a public function or formal program, the host of the program says "May I request you to to come on the stage", "May you please inaugurate the project".
Or on the government forms or other formal applications we find instructions. "Write your name here","Sign here" etc.
These are the cases of giving instructions very formally.

It is discussed in separate lesson
Giving instructions formally

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-kYpUYO_pE


Some verbs which are not ending with “”(a); suffixing “ ( A) will create bit different form. I have enlisted few frequently used verbs and their forms here. 


English Verb
Marathi Verb
Command in Marathi
Negative command in Marathi
( with respect )
( with respect )
To become
होणे(hoNe)
हो(ho)
व्हा(vhA)
होऊ नकोस (hoU nakos)
होऊ नका (hoU nakA)
To wash
धूणे(dhUNe)
धू(dhU)
धुवा(dhuvA)
धुवू नकोस (dhuvU nakos)
धुवू नका (dhuvU nakA)
To drink
पीणे(pINe)
पी(pI)
प्या(pyA)
पिऊ नकोस (piU nakos)
पिऊ नका (piU nakA)
To go
जाणे(jANe)
जा(jA)
जा(jA)
जाऊ नकोस (jAU nakos)
जाऊ नका (jAU nakA)
To Eat
खाणे(khANe)
खा(khA)
खा(khA)
खाऊ नकोस (khAU nakos)
खाऊ नका (khAU nakA)
To give
देणे(deNe)
दे(de)
द्या(dyA)
देऊ नकोस (deU nakos)
देऊ नका (deU nakA)
To take
घेणे(gheNe)
घे(ghe)
घ्या(ghyA)
घेऊ नकोस (gheU nakos)
घेऊ नका (gheU nakA)
To live
राहणे(rAhaNe)
रहा(rahA)
रहा(rahA)
राहू नकोस (rAhU nakos)
राहू नका (rAhU nakA)
To come
येणे(yeNe)
ये(ye)
या(yA)
येऊ नकोस (yeU nakos)
येऊ नका (yeU nakA)
To sing
गाणे(gANe)
गा(gA)
गा(gA)
गाऊ नकोस (gAU nakos)
गाऊ नका (gAU nakA)
To write
लिहिणे(lihiNe)
लिहा(lihA)
लिहा(lihA)
लिहू नकोस (lihU nakos)
लिहू नका (lihU nakA)
To see
पाहणे
(pAhaNe)
पहा
(pahA)
पहा(pahA)
पाहू नकोस (pAhU nakos)
पाहू नका (pAhU nakA)

Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/
***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

6 comments:

  1. For negative with respect, shouldn't this धुवू नका (dhuvU nakA)
    be धुवा(dhuvA) instead?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. धुवा(dhuvA) is positive; धुवू नका (dhuvU nakA) is negative

      Delete
  2. Is this a typo: द्या(dyA)?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi,
    Is exclamation sign "!" not used Marathi?
    Why is it omitted int the English version?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Exclamation mark is used in marathi same as english.
      No specific reason for not using it. I have focused more on sentence structure so ignored it.

      Delete