Combining consonants in Marathi मराठी जोडाक्षरे

***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************


Like in any language, two or more consonants can be combined and pronounced together.
e.g. In English word "fact" consonants "c" and "t" and pronounced together 
In English word "Alp" consonants "l" and "p" and pronounced together 
In English word "plethora" consonants "p" and "l" and pronounced together 

In English we just write consonants one after other and by to indicate ther combination. 

But in Marathi we do not just write symbols one after other. There is little change done in symbol of first consonant which is to be pronounced half.
So consonant symbol is also written half. 

Half symbol(s) + full symbol is called जोडाक्षर (joDAkShar)

For each symbol its corresponding "half" is predefined. I have grouped consonants depending on their logic to create "half" symbol 

Group 1) For those symbol having vertical in them. Their half-symbol is created by omitting vertical line




Full Symbol
Half symbol
Example combining  (v) to half symbol
(kh)
ख्‍
ख्‍व
(g)
ग्‍
ग्‍व
(gh)
घ्‍
घ्‍व
(ch)
च्‍
च्‍व
ज(j)
ज्‍
ज्‍व
झ(jh)
झ्‍
झ्‍व
ण(N)
ण्‍
ण्‍व
त(t)
त्‍
त्‍व
थ(th)
थ्‍
थ्‍व
ब(b)
ब्‍
ब्‍व
भ(bh)
भ्‍
भ्‍व
म(m)
म्‍
म्‍व
य(y)
य्‍
य्‍व
ल(l)
ल्‍
ल्‍व
व(v)
व्‍
व्‍व
श(sh)
श्‍
or

श्‍व
or

ष(Sh)
ष्‍
ष्‍व
स(s)
स्‍
स्‍व
क्ष(kSh)
क्ष्‍
क्ष्‍व
ज्ञ(dny)
ज्ञ्‍
ज्ञ्‍व
Group 2) Half sound is denoted by giving slanting line below consonant

Full Symbol
Half symbol
Example combining (v) to half symbol
(T)
ट्
ट्‍व
(Th)
ठ्
ठ्‍व
(D)
ड्
ड्‍व
(Dh)
ढ्
ढ्‍व
(Ch)
छ्
छ्‌व

Group 3) symbol ळ(L).
Small vertical line in ळ is removed to make half-symbol 
ळ्‍
examples:-

ळ्‍क

ळ्‍ब

ळ्‍व

Group 4) Symbol क(k)
The right side curve is written half and connected together with next symbol
क्‍
Examples :- 
क्व
क्प
क्ल

क्न

Group 5) Irregular or multiple half-symbols depending on other consonant
र(r) and ह(h) have irregular or multiple half-symbols depending on other consonant.

We will see them separately in next chapter


***************************************************************
Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
***************************************************************

4 comments:

  1. Will you please give all details about (r) half symbol?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes, it is discussed thoroughly in next lesson
      http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/combining-consonants-with-r-part-2.html

      Are you learning Marathi using my blog/videos?

      Thanks,
      Kaushik

      Delete