List of Marathi Adjectives - Part 1

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Below I have mentioned frequently used adjectives in Marathi. 
As studied before, the form of adjective changes depending on gender and mulriplicity of noun to which it is describing. 
Revisit the post 
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/adjectives.html
to understand the concept. 

The list below is form of respective adjective for masculine-singular. Using rules mentioned in above said post, create forms for other multiplicity and genders.

I have given related or opposite words in sequence.


Adjective in English
Adjective in Marathi 
Transliteration
Big
मोठा
moThA
Small
लहान 
छोटा
lahAn 
/ ChoTA
Good
चांगला
chAMgalA
Bad
वाईट
vAIT
Far / Away
दूर 
लांब
dUr 
/ lAMb
Near
जवळ
javaL
Deep
खोल
khol
Shallow
उथळ
uthaL
Simple
साधा
sAdhA
Special
विशेष
visheSh
Dark
गडद
gaDad
Faint
फिका
phikA
Tall
उंच
uMch
Short
बुटका
buTakA
Fat  / Thick
जाडा
jADA
Thin
बारीक
bArIk
Wide
रुंद
ruMda
Narrow
अरुंद
aruMda
Straight
सरळ
saraL
Curved
वाकडा
vAkaDA
Tasty
चवदार / चविष्ट
chavadAr / chaviShT
Tasteless
बेचव
bechav
Bitter
कडू
kaDU
Sweet
गोड
goD
Sour
आंबट
AMbaT
Salty
खारट
khAraT
Astringency
तुरट
turaT
Fresh
ताजा
tAjA
Stale
शिळा
shiLA
Spicy
मसालेदार
masAledAr
Colourful
रंगीत
raMgIt
Easy
सोपा
sopA
Hard / Difficult
कठीण
kaThIN
Clean
स्वच्छ
svachCha
Dirty / Soiled
मळका
maLakA
Shabby
घाणेरडा
ghANeraDA
Dry
कोरडा 
सुका
koraDA 
/ sukA
Wet
ओला
olA
Empty
रिकामा
rikAmA
Filled
भरलेला
bharalelA
Expensive
महाग
mahAg
Cheap ( in price )
स्वस्त
svasta
Full / Complete
पूर्ण
pUrNa
Incomplete
अपूर्ण
apUrNa
Half
अर्धा
ardhA
Hard (e.g. surface)
कडक
kaDak
Soft
मऊ
maU
Heavy
जड
jaD
Light ( in weight )
हलका
halakA
New
नवीन 
नवा
navIn 
/ navA
Old
जुना
junA
Quiet / Peaceful
शांत
shAMt
Peaceless
अशांत
ashAMt
Slow
हळू
haLU
Fast
वेगवान
vegavAn
Young
तरूण
tarUN
Old
म्हातारा
mhAtArA
Little / Few /Some
थोडा
thoDA
Many / Much
खूप
khUp
Happy
आनंदी 
खुश
AnaMdI 
/ khush
Unhappy
नाखुश
nAkhush
Sad
दुःखी
duHkhI
Gloomy
उदास
udAs
Agile / Swift
चपळ
chapaL
Dull
मंद
maMd
Lazy
आळशी
ALashI
Eager /
Enthusiastic / Energetic
उत्साही
utsAhI
Hot in taste
तिखट
tikhaT


Listen words in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQeVzUO4dIM



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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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Diwali Festival

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The time when I am writing this post, is the time of most popular festivals in India
Time of Diwali or Dipavali – The festival of lights !!!
So I thought of writing an interesting post to acquainting you words in Marathi related to Diwali.

Do read about Diwali festival from internet so that you can relate more with this post.

1) Festival in Marathi is called as उत्सव (utsav).

2) Religious festival is specifically called as सण ( saN ).

3) Name of this festival is दिवाळी (diwALI). It is also called by its original Sanskrit name as दीपावली (dIpAvalI).

4) People greet each other saying
दीपावलीच्या हार्दिक  शुभेच्छा ! (dIpAvalIchyA hardik shubhechChA !!)
दिवाळीच्या हार्दिक  शुभेच्छा ! (diwALIchyA hardik shubhechChA !!)
Or even use English style, saying “Happy Diwali”

5) Lamp in Marathi is दिवा (divA)
To light a lamp is दिवा लावणे (divA lAvaNe)

6) In Diwali Many small earthen lamps are lighted. This earthen lamp is called पणती
(paNatI)
It is lighted with oil i.e. तेल (tel) and small rod of cotton i.e. वात(vAt)

7) In windows or balconies beautiful lantern is lighted. Lantern is called कंदील (kaMdIl)

8) Topside of entrance door is decorated with garland of flowers and mango leaves. It is called तोरण (toraN)
Flower :- फूल ( phool )
Flowers :- फूले ( phoole )
Mango leaves :- आंब्याची पाने ( AMbyAchI pAne )

9) The front yard of the house is called अंगण (aMgaN)

10) Front yard is decorated with a drawing created from a special stone powder. 
This powder and the drawing is called रांगोळी (rAMgoLI )
To draw रांगोळी (rAMgoLI ) is रांगोळी काढणे (rAMgoLI kADhaNe )

11) In the night people worship different god and goddesses, depending on particular day of Diwali. Worship is called पूजा (pUjA)
To worship is पूजा करणे (pUjA karaNe)
To offer food dishes to god is called नैवेद्य दाखवणे  ( naivedya dAkhavaNe  ) 
The part of this food is accepted as blessing of god. It is called प्रसाद (prasAd )

12) In the night children burst crackers. Crackers is called फटाके (phaTAke)
To burst crackers is: - फटाके फोडणे ( phaTAke phoDaNe ) or
फटाके वाजवणे ( phaTAke vAjavaNe )  or 
फटाके उडवणे (phaTAke uDavaNe)

13) Variety of sweets is prepared at home. 
Sweets in general are called मिठाई(miThAI)

14) Also hot-salty snacks are prepared. All these items together are called फराळ (pharAL)
To have these snacks and sweets is called as फराळ करणे (pharAL karaNe)

15) Marathi culture has very unique, literary angle to this celebration.
In Diwali, Marathi magazines issue special Diwali editions. This special edition is called दिवाळी अंक (divALI aMk)
Magazine is मासिक (mAsik)

16) In diwali, children build small replicas of fort to commemorate Great Maharashtrian King named– छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराज (ChatrapatI shivAjI mahArAj).
King in Marathi is राजा (rAjA ) / महाराज ( mahArAj ).
Soldiers :- शिपाई ( shipAI  ) 
Fort is किल्ला (killA )
To build fort is किल्ला बांधणे (killA bAMdhaNe)


 ********~~~~*********~~~~~~ HAPPY DIWALI ~~~~~~~**********~~~***************

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लागणे(lAgaNe) - one verb, multiple meanings !!

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लागणे(lAgaNe) is a one verb. But it has many different meanings !!
Generally sentence structure will follow this pattern. 


Form of subject with preposition "to"              
object        
form of  लागणे(lAgaNe) as per object
मला (malA)
बादली (bAdalI )                               
लागते (lAgate)


1) To Need

 There is subtle difference in "To need" and "To want". A need is something you have to have, something you can't do without. A good example is food. 
A want is something you would like to have. It is not absolutely necessary, but it would be a good thing to have. A good example is music.

So to indicate "To need" in colloquial Marathi, we use verb लागणे(lAgaNe).

Sentence structure is same as above

I need bucket -> मला बादली लागते (malA bAdalI lAgate )
I will need bucket -> मला बादली लागेल (malA bAdalI lAgel)
My car needs lot of petrol -> माझ्या गाडीला खूप पेट्रोल लागते (mAjhyA gADIlA khUp peTrol lAgate)

2) We have already seen how is used to indicate “Must”/“to be have to”

3) "To get hurt by something"
I got hurt by knife -> मला सुरी लागली (malA surI lAgalI)
I got hurt by car -> मला गाडी लागली (malA gADI lAgalI)

4) To be hungry -> भूक लागणे (bhUk lAgaNe
To be thirsty ->  तहान लागणे ( tahAn lAgaNe)
"तहान" and "भूक" are both feminine singular nouns. So verb form will be created accordingly.

I was hungry -> मला भूक लागली. (malA bhUk lAgalI.)
She was hungry -> तीला भूक लागली. (tIlA bhUk lAgalI.)
I was  thirsty -> मला तहान लागली. (malA tahAn lAgalI.)
She was thirsty -> तीला तहान लागली. (tIlA tahAn lAgalI.)

I am hungry -> मला भूक लागली आहे. (malA bhUk lAgalI Ahe.)
She is hungry -> तीला भूक लागली आहे. (tIlA bhUk lAgalI Ahe.)
I am  thirsty -> मला तहान लागली आहे. (malA tahAn lAgalI Ahe.)
She is thirsty -> तीला तहान लागली आहे. (tIlA tahAn lAgalI Ahe.)

5) To indicate of a program/song on TV/Radio started or was going on 
"Big boss" serial starts at 9 -> 
बिग बॉस मालिका नऊ वाजता लागते (big b~os mAlikA naU vAjatA lAgate)

Song of Lata was going on when I went there -> 
मी तिकडे गेलो तेव्हा लताचे गाणे लागले होते (mI tikaDe gelo tevhA latAche gANe lAgale hote)

6) Start An electric/electronic appliance 
Electric bulb was on -> विजेचा बल्ब लागला. (vijechA balb lAgalA.)
TV started after he repaired it -> त्याने दुरुस्त केल्यावर टीव्ही लागला (tyAne durust kelyAvar TIvhI lAgalA)

7) To feel vomiting/ nausea while travelling in bus  -> गाडी लागणे (gADI lAgaNe)
She feels nausea in bus travel -> तीला गाडी लागते


Also refer previous lesson लावणे(lAvaNe) - one verb, multiple meanings !!
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/10/lavane-one-verb-multiple-meanings.html

Verb लावणे(lAvaNe) is causative verb of लागणे(lAgaNe). So meanings there are applicable.
e.g.
She took lot of time ->तीने खूप वेळ लावला (tIne khUp veL lAvalA)
It took her lot of time -> तीला खूप वेळ लागला  (tIlA khUp veL lAgalA )

Listen this lesson online at
https://youtu.be/qA4JX60qCpE




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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Marathi. Learn Marathi grammar and many aspects Marathi language online.
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